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# About

Calculations are used to add items like invoice totals, inspection scores and other calculated values in mobile forms. Use calculations to total work hours, find average inspection scores, and calculate costs within forms.

Calculations work with numeric answers only. Use String Concatenation to string together alphanumeric characters.

**Note: **There are questions that are specifically suited for calculating date/time values.

# Calculations

When building a form, **Integer**, **Decimal** and **Currency** Calculations are found under **Add **> **Number **> **Integer (1)** / **Decimal (1.111)** / **Currency ($1.11) **> **Calculation. **

It is important to add the correct calculation control for the type of number being calculated, as the question will display the answer in that format (ex. currency will display as a monetary value). However, every calculation question type can use any number question.

### Calculation Properties

Use common calculation functions to build the expression the question should perform.

+ | Addition |

- | Subtraction |

* | Multiplication |

/ | Division |

( ) | Parentheses |

Build calculations under the **Calculation Properties** tab using the onscreen keypad, or the computer keyboard. To use answers from questions in the form, hit the **Qu** button on the calculator to select from all **preceding** number-type questions in the form. Calculations work with numeric answers only. If a question cannot be used in a calculation, or if the question comes after calculation in the form, it will **not** be displayed in the Qu dropdown.

**Note**: When building calculations with duration data, it is necessary to divide the total by the following:

**Per Hour**: Divide time by 60,**twice**([time value] / 60 /60), such as when calculating cost per hour.**Per Minute:**Divide time by 60,**once**([time value] / 60), such as when calculating distance per minute.

*Learn how to build a calculation with duration. *

### Default Values

Set a default value for each of the questions used in the calculation. This is especially important where forms have have skip logic, or input questions are not required. If a referenced answer is empty and there is no default value, the user will receive an error message and be unable to submit the form.

Use the "**::**" button at the bottom right of the calculator to insert the symbol for the default value, and follow it with a 0 or 1. This should appear at the** end** of every question referenced in the calculation.

- For all questions
**except**those involving division, set a default value of 0 - For a question that will be involved in a division calculation, set a default of 1 (a default of 0 will produce an error message)

In this example, [Unit_Price], [Unit_Discount], and [Units_Ordered] have all been given a default value of ::0.

### Use Case: Use Duration Values in Calculations

To calculate the total cost of hours worked, use a currency calculation combined with a duration question. This is useful for invoices and payroll.

- Add a duration question (or questions) to collect hours, a currency number question to collect the rate of pay, and a currency calculation question following them.
- Under
**Currency Value Properties**in the Hourly Rate and Calculation questions,**Default Currency**. It is USD by default. Optionally set minimum and maximum values. - Under
**Calculation Properties**, multiply the duration question by the pay rate question. **Note**: When performing calculations with duration questions, you must divide the total (/60/60) to calculate a cost per hour.: The above calculation would be [(Hourly Rate) * (Hours_Worked]) /60 /60]

For Example

## Comments

Joseph HoltGreat detail examples and answers