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When you receive this failure it will show in the submission in red, stating that the submission has failed and which destination it has failed from (in the error message). This error is due to the columns missing in your Sharepoint List. Meaning the data cannot properly write to the fields in the Sharepoint destination because they do not exist. The error will state which columns are missing and will list all by name.
In order to fix this issue, you will need to go to your Sharepoint and add in the missing columns (listed in the error message). Once this is done you can re-execute the submission for the data to go through to the Sharepoint if it does not re-execute automatically.